I. There must be no safe havens for those who abuse information technologies. II. Investigation and prosecution of international high-tech crimes must be coordinated among all concerned States, regardless of where harm has occurred. III. Law enforcement personnel must be trained and equipped to address high-tech crimes. IV. Legal systems must protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data and systems from unauthorized impairment and ensure that serious abuse is penalized. V. Legal systems should permit the preservation of and quick access to electronic data, which are often critical to the successful investigation of crime. VI. Mutual assistance regimes must ensure the timely gathering and exchange of evidence in cases involving international high-tech crime. VII. Transborder electronic access by law enforcement to publicly available (open source) information does not require authorization from the State where the data resides. VIII. Forensic standards for retrieving and authenticating electronic data for use in criminal investigations and prosecutions must be developed and employed. IX. To the extent practicable, information and telecommunications systems should be designed to help prevent and detect network abuse, and should also facilitate the tracing of criminals and the collection of evidence. X. Work in this area should be coordinated with the work of other relevant international fora to ensure against duplication of efforts.
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